Swiss Archives of neurology, psychiatry and psychotherapy

Edition 2024/03

Browse through the articles and gain new insights!

SANP

Entre l’angoisse et l’autonomie se trouve le rétablissement véritable

Editorial
Charles Bonsack
Published on 06.02.2024
Charles Bonsack
Peut-on prendre ses propres décisions sans risque de s’anéantir? Quel est l’impact d’être restreint dans ses décisions? Quel est notre liberté lorsqu’on souffre d’un problème de santé mentale ou d’une dépendance à une substance?
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SANP

Zug des Lebens

First Person Account
Anonym
Published on 06.02.2024
Anonym

Ich wachse bei meiner Tante auf. Als ich sechs bin, nehme ich die 100 Lire, die ich von meinem geliebten Onkel bekommen habe und mache mich auf den Weg zum Lebensmittelladen im Dorf. Es ist ein süditalienisches Dorf in den 80er-Jahren, jeder kennt jeden.

Shyhrete Rexhaj, et. al.
Published on 06.02.2024
Shyhrete Rexhaj
+3

Data was collected between July and the end of November 2021 via an online questionnaire among mental health professionals in Europe. The Swiss data was collected via the same online questionnaire, which was widely distributed at a local level thanks to the efforts of professional associations, psychiatric institutions and health schools. The questionnaire was divided into three sections: organizational adaptations, use of digital tools, and professional and personal experience of the health crisis.

Matthias Jäger, et. al.
Published on 06.02.2024
Matthias Jäger
+4

The presented article summarizes the topics and recommendations of a large-scale mixed-methods study on behalf of the Swiss Federal Office of Justice. The mandate was to evaluate the implementation of involuntary admission (Fürsorgerische Unterbringung, FU) and coercion as well as measures to promote patients’ autonomy in Switzerland to assess a possible need for revision of the legal articles on the regulation of coercion.

Stéphanie Romanens-Pythoud, et. al.
Published on 06.02.2024
Stéphanie Romanens-Pythoud
+3

Mental health problems affect men and women differently and women have a higher prevalence of mental health issues than men. Overall, women are two to three times more likely to be affected than men. Scientific literature tends to confirm that gender bias among professionals plays a certain role in mental health diagnosis. The aim of this study is to find out whether these biases already exist prior to professional practice by investigating the presence of gender biases in psychology and medical students.

Marco Almeida, et. al.
Published on 06.02.2024
Marco Almeida
+3

A 74-year-old woman was brought to the emergency department because of a cognitive decline in the past two months. She presented evidence of metabolic encephalopathy on physical examination. In laboratory investigations, the patient only had a slightly abnormal liver function without hyperammonemia. Computed tomography (CT) of the head and lumbar puncture were unremarkable. Magnetic resonance imaging of the brain revealed a symmetric T1-weighted hypersignal in the globus pallidus and cerebral peduncles, suggestive of a hepatic encephalopathy. CT scan of the abdomen and chest revealed an important portocaval shunt. Laxative medication and rifaximin were introduced with good outcome. Closure of the shunt was performed by the interventional radiology team.

Nicole Geiger, et. al.
Published on 06.02.2024
Nicole Geiger
+2

The classification of personality disorders (PDs) has changed fundamentally from ICD-10 to ICD-11; the distinct diagnostic categories of ICD-10 are replaced by a dimensional approach in ICD-11. The clinical application of the new PD model will be illustrated using a case study.

Alexander Smith, et. al.
Published on 06.02.2024
Alexander Smith
+4

In the Age of Enlightenment, the availability of chocolate was expanding across European societies, eliciting criticism and even moral panic reminiscent of coffee and tobacco. These dialogues encompassed religious ideologies with divergent Protestant and Catholic standpoints on whether drinking chocolate was permissible during fast. Further, certain physicians highlighted negative health outcomes from the stimulant properties of chocolate.

The evolving attitude towards chocolate resemble the alternating societal trajectories of other substances. For example, alcohol has been consumed for different purposes throughout history but its moral, social and health perceptions have fluctuated.